The Working Memory as it pertains to reading is gaining more interest from researchers and practitioners alike.
At the recent Learning Difficulties Conference two presenters spoke about programs that have been developed for poor readers with a Working Memory deficit.
Each tackled the problem differently, and then there are the computer based brain training programs that are reputed to help with the working memory. ALL state they have evidence to prove the efficacy of their program! Needless to say its confusing! :-)
What we do know is, that brain training programs seem to work but the gains are not retained longer than 6-12 months. Metacognitive strategies work best with Dyslexic sufferers as they need to have meaning attached to what they learn. Rote learning does not work with these kids - understanding the 'what' and 'how' helps with retention of information.
Finally, kids with a poor Working Memory and are delayed in reading by 2 years respond well to a Direct, Explicit program that is repetitive and devoid of visual clues.